Direct-reduced Iron (DRI)

Direct-reduced Iron (DRI)

Basetrade Global supplies high-quality direct-reduced iron (DRI) that meets international standards to clients worldwide.

Direct-reduced Iron (DRI) is used as a scrap substitute in electric arc furnaces (EAFs). It is formed by the removal of oxygen from iron oxide. This process, which yields a particularly iron-rich grade of EAF feedstock, is known as reduction. The main raw material required for production of DRI is iron ore in pellet form. To produce one metric tonne of DRI, about 1.5 metric tonnes of iron ore is required.

Direct-reduced Iron (DRI) is a cargo that requires care whilst handling, due to the risk of oxidization when exposed to air and water. The oxidization process can release hydrogen, which is a combustible gas and is exothermic, i.e. it generates excessive external heat. Therefore it is important that DRI is handled carefully and expertly.

Basetrade Global adheres strictly to International Marine Organization guidelines for transporting DRI by sea. Our exceptional sales, customer care and after-sales services ensure that DRI is handled appropriately at every stage of the sourcing and supply chain to ensure the efficient delivery of our products to customers.

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Quantity in Percentage (Typical Values)

Basetrade Global’s suppliers mainly use the Midrex and some HYL/Energiron technology for the reduction process. The end-product is the same and Basetrade Global’s main objective and focus is to deliver high specification end-products to its customer base. During the Midrex method, iron oxide pellets are heated to about 850°C in the presence of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. These gases act as reductants as shown in the equations below.

Fe₂O₃ + 3H₂ → 2Fe + 3H₂O Fe₂O₃ + 3CO → 2Fe + 3CO₂ 3Fe + C → Fe₃C